Postgraduate training is an integral part of medical education. Russian Medical Institutions offers a rich variety of opportunities for postgraduate studies or almost all specialties in: internship (internatura) – 1 year, clinical residency (ordinatura) – 2-3 years, PhD courses (aspirantura) – 3-4 years and the doctorate (D.Sc fellowships or doktorantura) – 3-4 years.

All postgraduate courses and programmes are conducted in the Russian language by the Institute of Professional Education.